Training and Supports

Thuongmai University in the period 1986-1995

Wednesday - 26/05/2021 03:59
The University’s Paper Workshop (1985)
The University’s Paper Workshop (1985)
1. The general situation
In December 1986, the 6th National Congress of Vietnam Communist Party set a renovation approach for the nation. Regarding university education, several new orientations were established such as training should meet the demand of economic sectors; training should not depend on government budget only but also other sources for development; training is not merely based on government’s plans and targets but also on contracts; university graduates can find contacts and get jobs in businesses in different economic sectors. The Second Congress of the Central Party Committee (the 8th term) proposed a resolution on education, training, and science and technology. Under the resolutions of the National Congress of Vietnam Communist Party and the Central Party’s  resolution for each period, the University has built actions plans for the operations. 

Implementing the Resolution of the 6th Party Congress and the action plans of the Ministry of Education and Training, the University planned 3 action programs and 5 target programs in order to renovate and improve the University’s training quality, meeting the requirements of the country’s industrialization and modernization. The University made a proposal which was approved by the Prime Minister in Decision No. 203/ TTg on May 2, 1994 that renamed the College of Commerce as Vietnam University of Commerce.
 
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Accepting the Ministry-level research project coded B91.22.06 on renewing training goals and the specialized knowledge structure of the Vietnam Commercial University
 
2. The training goals and scale
THE REGULAR TRAINING SYSTEM
In the early years of this period, the training targets did not change much. The University provided small scale training which was mainly for staffs of state enterprises and trading collectives. Under the directives and resolution of the Party and the direction of Ministry of University and Specialized intermediate school, the University aimed to train bachelors of economics with a large knowledge background, adaptation to the changes of the labor market, and the readiness for career change and transfer and to continue to higher level of education. In addition, the University took advantage of training for several majors for the internal trade. 

Under the regulations of Ministry of University and Specialized intermediate school on the knowledge structure of training programs and the research results of the Department of training program No.1, after many changes, the University opened specialities of economics in two majors of Accounting and Business Administration. The major of Accounting had one speciality of Commercial Enterprise Financial Accounting. The major of Business Administration had 4 specialities of Commercial Enterprise Administration, Hospitality-Tourism Enterprise Administration, Commercial Marketing, and Hospitality-Tourism Marketing. Along with the renewal in scientifice and professional knowledge, foreign language courses were also innovated. English and French replaced Russian in curricular. 

From 1989-1990, the University conducted two-phase training for all systems (regular long-term, extended, and in-service). 

Since the school year of 1988-1989, in addition to enrolling regular long-term students as assigned by the government, the University also enrolled students for the irregular system (later called the extended system), second degree regular system, and short-term regular system. 

IN-SERVICE TRAINING
In order to develop the in-service training, meeting the demand of the society and the learners of different economic sectors and contributing to standardizing staff, on the basis of the regular system’s training programs, the University built the programs for long-term in-service training, second degree in-service training, specialized in-service training, and extended in-service training. In the school year 1994-1995, the University decided to open several supplementary courses for students of Class 27 and Extended 1 so that they could be defered degrees of Bachelors of Economics in the new specialities.  

Thanks to innovations in the training targets, content, and specialities, the University’s training scale developed rapidly both in the regular long-term and in-service systems. 

HIGHER EDUCATION TRAINING
in 1987, the University was approved by Ministry of Education and Training to train PhDs of 5 specialities including Economics, Administration and National economy planning; Financial accounting and Economic activity analysis; Statistics; Industrial Goods and Light industry material Commercial Product Studies; and Management information system. In 1994, the University started to train masters of economics specialized in Production and service economics. 
 
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The ceremony announcing the decision to rename the University (1994)
 
3. The organizational structure and political-social organizations in the University
PARTY UNIT
During the period 1986-1995, the University’s Party Unit led the implementation of the Congress Resolutions of the University’s Party Unit in the 16th term (December 1984), the 17th term (March 1990), and the 18th term (November 1992). 
Under the direction of Hanoi city’s Party Committee, the 16th Congress of the Party Unit implemented Directive No. 79 by the Board of Secretaries of the Central Party Committee to improve the Party Unit’s leadership and strength and Party Unit member’s quality and elaborated the 3 action programs in all operations of the University.  
From 1986 to 1990, the role of the Party Unit’ s Secretary of the 16th term was taken over respectively by Khuat Duy Ngoc, Lam Chi and Tran Minh Tuan as the Acting Secretary of the Party Unit Committee. From 1990 to1995, Nguyen Thien Dat was the Secretary of the Party Unit Committee for the 17th and 18th terms.

BOARD OF RECTORS
During the period, the Board of Rector had major changes. From 1985 to 1988, A/Prof.Dr. Lâm Chi was the President, and the Vice Presidents included Le Duc Chieu, A/Prof. Dao Ky, Khuat Duy Ngoc, and Hoang Dien.
From 1988 to 1993, Prof.Dr. Tran Minh Tuan worked as the President, and the Vice presidents were Le Duc Chieu, A/Prof. Dao Ky, Khuat Duy Ngoc, Hoang Dien, and Doctor of Science Nguyen Bich Dat.
In 1993, Ministry of Education and Trade appointed Prof. Dr. Nguyen Thi Doan to be the President for the term 1993-1997. The Vice Presidents were Khuat Duy Ngoc, the senior lecturer Nguyen Thien Dat, and A/Prof. Ta Van Hai.
In 1989, the Project of reorganizing the affiliated departments, faculties, and units was approved by Ministry of University and Specialized intermediate school, so the number of units in the University decreased from 16 to 10 with the Department of Personnel and the Department of General Affairs merged into the Department of Administration; and the Department of Equipment, the Security, and the Department of Facility Management merged into the Department of Facility Management. At the same time, a House of Culture was set up. In June 1990, the Club of Staff was founded. 
In 1995, the University had 6 departments (Administration, Training, Financial Accounting, Faculty of Post-Graduate and International Cooperation, Facility Administration, and Politic Affairs), 5 affiliated units (the Medical Clinic, the Library, the Centre for Commercial Technique and Technology Research and Development, the Centre for Applied Information Technology, and the Lab), 5 Faculties (Business Administration, Hospitality-Tourism, Business and Trade, Accounting and Finance, and In-service), 8 University-affiliated sections (Mathematics, Foreign Languages, Physical education – Military training, Physics, Environment Chemistry, Philosophy, History of Vietnam Communist Party – Scientific Socialism, Political Economics), and 12 faculty-affiliated sections. 

THE UNIVERSITY’S TRADE UNION
The University’s Trade Union held 3 Congress sessions (from the 16th to the 18th). The Union’s Secretaries were Tạ Văn Hài, Đặng Đức Dũng, and Nguyễn Quang Lập. At the beginning of the country’s renovation, the University’s Trade Union collaborated with the government to well organize the emulative movements “Good teaching, good learning”, took care of the staff’s life; took part in the supervision and inspection in several operations of the University; and organized culture, music, and sport events for the staff. The University’s Women Division also held a number of activities for female staff and students. 

HOCHIMINH COMMUNIST YOUTH UNION
During this period, the University’s Youth Union held 4 Congress sessions (from the 16th to the 19th). The Youth Union’s Secretaries were Pham Ba Duong, Bui Xuan Nhan, and Nguyen Van Men. The Youth Unionn encouraged young teachers and students to participate the emulative movements “Good learning” and “Young volunteers”. The Standing Committee of the University’s Youth Union regularly cooperated with the Dormitory Management to build “Model dorms”, enhance the movement “Preventing and fighting drugs and social evils”, enhance sport events, etc. creating the merry atmosphere on campus. 
The University’s Defense Unit regularly collaborated with the security department to keep the political security and order in the University as well as well performed local military tasks. 
 
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Truong My Hoa - Secretary of the Party Central Committee, Chairman of the Vietnam Women's Union, speaking at the University’s 35th anniversary (1995)
 
4. Outstanding achievements
TRAINING DEVELOPMENT
University training:
The number of students enrolled in the regular long-term training system increased over the years. On average 200 students were enrolled every year from 1986 to 1990 and 1,500 students from 1991 to 1995; the in-service system enrolled on average 938 students per year from 1986 to 1990 and 1,079 students/years from 1991-1995. The University enrolled students for the extended system for 4 classes from the school year 1988-1989 to the school year 1992-1993. 
As the University’s training scale developed rapidly in both the number and the area, there were adjustments in the organization and management of in-service classes. Together with the Faculty of In-service training, the University assigned in-service management in several localities to different faculties and centres. At the same time, the University enhanced the work of supervising and inspecting. 
Post-graduate training:
In 1988, the University started to offer doctoral training with 3 specialities of Economics, administration, and national economic and planning; Consumption industrial commercial product studies, and Food commecial product studies. In the first 3 years, the University trained 1-2 doctoral students each year, then the number increased. In 1995 the University had 15 doctoral students under training. 
In February 1994, the first regular post-graduate class was launched, and in October 1994 the first irregular post-gratudated class. 
In 10 years from 1985-1995, the University trained 5,190 bachelors of economics (including 2,290 regular long-term bachelors, 1,889 in-service bachelors, 402 irregular short-term bachelors, 479 bachelors of the extended system, and 130 regular short-term bachelors).

RESOURCES DEVELOPMENT
Staff development:
In 1995, the staff consisted of 470 people including 270 lecturers, 11 associate professors, 30 doctors of philosophy, 20 masters, 100 senior lecturers, 7 lecturers of merits, and a number of lecturers studying abroad.
External relations development:
The international cooperation was increasingly blooming. In addition to its traditional cooperation with several universities in the former Soviet and socialist countries in West Europe, since 1995 the University has developed bilateral relationships in training with universities in France, Japan, Thailand, and India and with international organizations. The University signed an agreement with AUF to grant scholarships to 100 students of the Business Administration class. 
Innovating the University’s leading system:
To meet the new requirements, the University’s leading system was innovated in terms of the human resources and succeeded in promoting the leading role of the Party Units, the cooperation between the government and the University’s political-social organizations, and the principle of “central democracy”, making the collective strength in carrying out the tasks. The united staff strived to build the University for stable and sustainable development. In November 1995, the University of Commerce solemnly held the University’s 35th anniversary. Under the direct and comprehensive leadership of the Party Unit Committee and promoting 35 years of formation and development, the University successfully implemented the Resolutions of the Central Committee of Vietnam Communist Party, especially the 2nd Resolution (the 8th term) on Education and Training – Science and Technology; successfully implemented comprehensive innovations; and built a strong and determined system of key staffs for the innovation. The staff kept developing in both the quantity and quality; the training scale was expanded, meeting the demand for qualified human resources with university qualifications and higher for the society, especially for mountainous areas and newly established provinces. Scientific research effectively served training innovations and made practical contributions to the development of the socialism-oriented market economy. The University’s international cooperation was continuously developed and effective in improving the quality of lecturers and students. The University facility was equipped with more and more modern facility. Staff’s physical and mental life was obviously improved.  

 
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Minister of Education and Training Tran Hong Quan delivering a speech at the University's 35th Anniversary and awarding the First Class Labor Medal to the University (1995)
5. Highlights
The Prime Minister signed Decision No 203/TTg on May 2, 1994 to rename the University of Commerce as Vietnam University of Commerce. Ministry of Education and Training signed Decision No. 3328/GD-DT on November 4, 1994 to rename faculties. Accordingly, Faculty of Commercial Economics was renamed as Faculty of Business Administration, Faculty of Commercial Accounting as Department of Financial Accounting, Faculty of Public Catering as Department of Hospitality and Tourism, and Faculty of Commercial Products – Technological Operation as Faculty of Marketing. 
The University’s and faculties’ new names were importantly suitable with its training goals, helping to raise its status in the society and the world and meeting the requirements of training high quality human resources in the renovation.  
 
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The University’s Trade Union holding talks on female staff (1995)
 
6. Rewards
With the achievements, the University was granted noble rewards:
- By the President of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam: First Class Labor Medal (1995)
- By Hanoi City’s Party Committee: “Flag for clean and strong Party Unit” (1995)
- By Ministry of Education and Training: Certificates of Merits for 19 groups and 20 individuals; Medal “For Education” for 60 staffs, lecturers, and workers.
- By The Central Committee of Youth Union: Medal “For the young generations” for Nguyen Thien Dat, Tran Duc Dao, Trinh Sung, and Lai Duc Can
- By Hanoi City’s Hochiminh Communist Youth Union: Certificates of Merits for the University’s Youth Union and the members.

 
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The Central Committee of Hochiminh Communist Youth Union awarding Medal “For the young generations” to Nguyen Thien Dat, Trinh Sung, Tran Duc Dao, and Lai Duc Can (1995)

Promoting the achievements, given the support of Ministry of Education and Training, Ministry of Trade, and the central and local authorities, the whole staff and students were determined to make comprehensive and profound innovations in every aspect of their work, making a tremendous improvement in training quality and staff development to meet the need of the country’s industrialization and modernization and build a strong Vietnam Commercial University. 
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