Training and Supports

Thuongmai University in the period 1975-1985

Wednesday - 26/05/2021 00:20
On April 30th, 1975, Vietnam’s national defense and independence war came to an end with the south of Vietnam gaining its entire freedom. The unified country transformed itself into socialism. After the election of the 4th National Assembly of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam (April, 1976) and the 4th Communist Party Congress (December, 1976) Vietnam entered a new stage of development. The University set the new mission of training commercial staffs with university certification for the country and business establishments and taking part in the private capital industry and trade renovation in southern Vietnam.
Thuongmai University in the period 1975-1985
1. The general situation:
Implementing the Resolution No. 14 by Politburo on education reform, the University modified its training goals and program to realize education renovation.

Given the University’s development with the task of training staffs with university qualification or higher, the Government Council decided to rename the Central College of Commerce as the University of Commerce (1979) and change it from an affiliate with Ministry of Domestic Commerce to University and Specialized Intermediate School (1983).    

2. The training goals and scale
Under the education reformation, the University redefined its general education goals and the training targets for majors of the regular long-term system with a focus on improving the political quality, expertise, and practical capacity. The training majors were Commercial Economics, Public Catering Management, Industrial Business Technology, Food and Agricultural Product Business Technology, Public Food Processing Technology, and Commercial Accounting (from the school year 1979-1980). 

The training scale in this period: The regular training system from 1975 to 1980 enrolled 220 students per year on average, 1981 - 1985 127 students; The in-service system from 1981-1985 enrolled on average 190 students/year; the short-term training system enrolled on average 190 students/year, and training classes 100 students/year. 

As of 1985, the University had trained 1439 students at the specialized intermediate level and 7130 university students including 3567 regular long-term students, 1171 short-term students, and 1792 in-service students. It had also provided training service to 2319 managers at different levels. 

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The University on the date of the 4th National Assembly Election (1976)

3. The University organizational structure and political-social organizations

In the new context, under the Directive of the Ministry of Domestic Trade and the Hanoi City’s Party Committee, the  University’s 9th Party Congress translated the directives and resolutions into the specific tasks including: promoting the achievements of the 10 years of university training, continuing research to realizing the training goals and content, preparing the necessary conditions to implement education renovation to improve the comprehensive education quality, meeting the need for staffs and teachers for training and management organizations and enterprises in the south of Vietnam; and fostering scientific research to serve training and practical operation, etc. 

The following Party Congress sessions  reaffirmed the task of innovating training and education with the focus on scientific research for training and practice on the basis of strengthening Party organizations, improving the organization of the power system and staff, and building the professional sections to become academic units.

During this period, the Party Unit organized 7 congress sessions from the 9th Congress to the 16th. The University’s Party Unit Secretaries were Nguyen Trong Phu (6th – 11th term), Dang Tri (12th and 13th terms) and Khuat Duy Ngoc (14th - 16th term). The University’s Party Unit was directly under Hanoi City’s Party Committee with 2 years under Tu Liem District Party Committee, Hanoi City (1983-1984).

From 1975-1976, the University’s Board of Rectors consisted of President Le Kinh Phi, Vice President, Dr. Hoang Dat, Vice President, Dr. Pham Duy Tran, and Vice President Le Duc Chieu. In February 1976, Đang Tri, Deputy Chairman of Tuyen Quang Province’s People’s Committee, was appointed as Vice President, later the Acting President in December, 1976.  
In October 1976, A/Prof.Dr. Lam Chi was appointed as Vice President. 
In April 1981, Prof. Dr. Nguyen Mai was appointed President..
In November 1983, Assoc.Prof. Dr. Lam Chi was appointed President.
From 1983-1985, the Board of Rectors was comprised of A/Prof.Dr. Lam Chi as the President, and Le Duc Chieu, Khuat Duy Ngoc, A/Prof. Dao Ky, and Hoang Dien as Vice Presidents.

As of 1985, the University consisted of the following affiliated units: the Personnel Department, the Training Department, the Scientific Research Administration Department,   Department of Facility Management,, Department of Propaganda, Department of Finance and Accounting, DEpartment of General Affairs, Department of Basic Facility and Construction, Security, Canteen, Consumption Cooperatives, Library, Medical Clinic, Printing Workshop 3/2, the Board of Labor and Production, Faculty of Commercial Economics, Faculty of Commercial Products – Commercial Technical Operation, Department of Public Catering, Department of Commercial Accounting, Department of Economic Manager Training, Department of In-service Training, Board of Marxism-Lenninism, Board of Physical Education and Military Training, Sections of Mathematics, Physics, Chemistry, Foreign Languages, Commercial Economics, Commercial Statistics, Commercial Accounting, General Economics, Public Catering Technology Economics and Organization, Technology Product Organization, Food Products, Socialist Commerce Legislation, Management Staffs Training, Marxist-Leninnist Phylosophy, Marxist-Leninnist Political Economics, History of Vietnam Communist Party, and Information Processing. 

In this period, the University’s Trade Union held 6 Congress sessions (from the 10th to the 15th session). The Trade Union’s Secretaries were Nguyen Duc Oanh, Dr. Luong Khang, Trinh Van Sung, Hoang Dien, and Pham Van Tam. The Union, in collaboration with government authorities, promoted the emulative movement “hai tot” (two good things – good teaching and good learning) and the movement to build the Socialist Labor Team,  arranged accommodation for staffs, lecturers, and workers ensuring fairness and openess; arranged travels to the South to buy rice for the staff; organized broom processing, knitting, peanut peeling, envelop folding; the Union worked with the Consumption Cooperatives in exploiting necessities and food and organizing food purchase for staff and students. 

The University’s Youth Union held 6 Congress session (from the 10th to the 15th session), the Secretaries were Tran Thi Bich Loc, Dang Tran Giao, Vu Van Bang, and Pham Ba Duong.

The Youth Union promoted the movement “Three spearheads for collective ownership” of the union members in teaching, learning, and scientific research and built, remained and reinforced the movement to build “The socialist young teacher community” and “The socialist student community”. The University’s Youth Union arranged for the members to work in Coc 6 coal mine in 15 days and dig trenches along Song Cau defense line in Ha Bac Province. 

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Nguyen Trong Phu delivering opening speech at the 10th Congress of the University’s Party Unit (1977)
4. Science – Technology development 
From 1976 to 1980, in terms of scientific research, the University focused on teaching and learning, completing the training goals, and improving the curricular and coursebooks which were compiled on the basis of the Resolutions of the 4th and 5th Congress of Vietnam Communist Party and the resolutions of the Central Committee of Vietnam Communist Party. A number of courses such as Commercial Economics, Consumption and Industrial Commercial Product Studies, Commercial Food Product Studies, Commercial Organization and Technology, Food Refrigeration Technology, etc. had typographic coursebooks available. 

From 1980 to 1985, the work of scientific research aimed at education reform and the function of the University as a centre of science and technology in the field. The University conducted a score of research projects to serve training with promising results such as “The role of the university lecturer in Communism education for students”. This is among 8 projects of Ministry of University and Specialized Intermediate School in joint research with the countries in the Council for Economic Interdependence in Communism education for students. Besides, scientific research served to complete the training targets of the University’s majors in the light of education reform in the departments. The University published the Education Reform Journal (November 1098). 

Since this period of time, all courses have a curriculum. The content of several courses was changed to match the new training targets of the majors such as developing the Overview of Industrial Commercial Product Studies into the Basic theory on Industrial Commercial Product Studies; the Russian course had its own curricular for majors of Economics and Product Technology; the Machine background knowledge curriculum was built on the basis of theoretical mechanics, material durability, and machine principles; the curriculum of the Public Catering Facility course was built on the basis of mechanic equipment, thermal equipment, and refrigeration equipment. Along with the compilation of curricular and coursebooks, a number of departments built systems of experiments, exercises, and references. 

In scientific research, the University also arranged for the students to field-work in business and production establishments before their graduation and took part in several parts in lecturers’ scientific research projects. That practice helped students to master scientific research methods and complete their graduation papers as well. 

On the 17th December, 1984, the University took part in the first Creative Youth Conference of the universities in the industrial block with the projects “Preserving potatoes with M1 inoculants”, which brought about a second prize, “Building menus for pilots” and “Building economical and technical norms in pork business”, which won third prizes. 

With the achievements in scientific research, the University’s role and image was improved remarkably. A score of lecturers were granted Certificates of Merit and Creative Labor Badges by Vietnam General Confederation of Labor. Scientific research contributed much to improving the staff and training quality; 19 projects were applied in practice, thanks to which 7 National Standards and Industry Standards were issued. Many proposals in student graduation papers had scientific and practical value and were put to use by production and business establishments. From 1975 to 1985, the University carried out 33 scientific research projects at ministry level and 88 at university level. 

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The 5th “Good teaching” conference on the occasion of the University’s 20th Anniversary (1980)

5. Resources development 
Special attention was paid to building the staff especially lecturers and management staffs by the University’s Party Unit and Board of Rectors. In June 1985, the staff consisted of 241 members including 1 professors (Nguyen Mai), 2 associate professors (Lam Chi, Đao Ky), 18 doctors of philosophy, and 1 doctor of science (Nguyen Bich Dat). 

The University took advantage of any favorable condition to gradually improve the infrastructure to serve the training, built a two-storey factory for students of Department of Public Catering to practise food product processing technologies and service; supplement equipment, materials, inputs, samples and models for experiments, supplement books, documents, and newspapers for the library, etc. 

In the period from 1980 to 1985, the University built a 2-storey canteen with the area of 600 square meters which was semi-mechanical with a tofu factory to provide food to the kitchen and sell to staff. The University also repaired and renovated the student dormitory to house students by department.  

Since 1976, the University has received Lao students for training as allocated by Ministry of University and Specialized Intermediate School. The University has created any favorable condition for Lao students in staying and learning. Over the past 10 years, the University has trained almost 100 students for Lao People’s Democratic Republic.  

Every year, the University sends a number of to take post-graduate, internship, and short-term training courses in Russia and East European countries. 

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The 1st Exhibition of teaching initiatives for learning in 1982

6. Highlights
The Central College of Commerce was renamed the University of Commerce under Decision No. 360/CP on the 4th November, 1979 by the Government Assembly. 

In 1979, under Resolution No. 73 on 12th July, 1979 on education by the Government Assembly in the years to come, the University of Commerce under Ministry of Internal Trade was transferred to Ministry of University and Specialized Intermediate School. On 19th December, 1983, the signing ceremony of handover minutes between the two ministries was held by Prof. Dr. Nguyen Dinh Tu, member of Vietnam Communist Party’s Central Committee, Minister of University and Specialized Intermediate School, and Le Duc Thinh, member of Vietnam Communist Party’s central Committee, Minister of Internal Trade at H3 Hall, University of Commerce. On 19th November, 1985, the University celebrated 25 years of formation and development and 20 years of university training. For 25 years of formation and development, especially 10 years after the South of Vietnam was liberalized and the country was unified, the University has gained a score of achievements in training, scientific research, and management organization serving production and social life. 

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Head teacher conference, Department of Commercial Accounting (1985)

7. Achievements and rewards 

•    Awarded by the President of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam: Third Class Labor Medal (1979), Second Class Labor Medal (1984)
•    Awarded by Ministry of Internal Trade: Excellent emulative flag for 5 years of the industry (Awarded -1982)
•    Awarded by Ministry of University and Specialized Intermediate School: Excellent emulative flag for the school year 1979-1980 and the title of Advanced University for 8 consecutive years (1976-1985)
•    Awarded by the Central Committee of the Ho Chi Minh Communist Youth Union: the excellent unit in “Three spearheads for collective ownership” movement (1979-1982), the “Three spearheads for collective ownership” Flag (1985)
•    Recognized by Hanoi City’s Party Committee: “Strong Party Unit” in 1980, 1981, 1982, 1983, 1984, 1985, Awarded “Strong Party Unit” Flag (1980, 1985)
•    Awarded by Hanoi city’s People’s Committee: Excellent unit in the movement “Three spearheads against corruption” (1980), excellent unit in the movement “Coordinating four forces in the public movement to protect the Fatherland” (1983-1984), advanced unit in gymnastics for 10 years 
•    Awarded by Hanoi Labor Union: the title “Strong Unit” for many years
•    Awarded by the military command of Tu Liem district: the flag of “The Winning Unit” for 10 consecutive years (1975-1985) for the Self-defense force.
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Minister Nguyen Dinh Tu awarding the University a Second class Labor Medal (1984)
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Minister Nguyen Dinh Tu awarding the University a Second class Labor Medal (1984)
•    Awarded by the chairman of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam: Third class model for Food Section (1984)
•    Awarded by Hanoi City’s People’s Committee: the title “Three good” for the canteen for 10 years in a row, the title “the Socialist labor team” for many departments, sections, collectives, and nursery classes
•    Awared by The Central committee of the Ho Chi Minh Communist Youth Union: the flag of "Socialist student community" for many classes (1975-1985), the flag of "Young socialist teacher community" for the teacher union unit for 3 consecutive years ( 1982-1984)
•    Awarded by the Chairman of the Council of Ministers: Certificates of Merit for Phạm Văn Tam, Head of Section of Political Economics; Ta Van Hai, Head of Food Section; and Tran Tai, Head of Product Technology Section (1983)
•    Awarded by Ministry of Internal Trade, Ministry of University and Specialized Intermediate School: Certificates of Merit for many members of the staff
•    Awarded by the Central Committee of Hochiminh Communist Youth Union: Medal “For the young generation” for Nguyen Mai, Vu Van Bang (1983), Lam Chi, Dao Ky (1984)
•    Awarded by Vietnam Labor Federation: Certificates of Merit and the Creative Labor Badges for Van Hau, Nguyen Thi Minh Nguyet (1982), Ta Van Hai (1984), Luu Vinh, Lam Chi (1985)
Promoting the achievements, under the leadership of the Party Unit and with the close collaboration between the University’s Board of Rectors and the political-social organizations in the university, the staffs, lecturers, workers, and students are all excited and determined to to successfully and comprehensively perform all tasks in the coming time.
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The  Ceremony of the University’s 25th Anniversary and receiving the Second Class Labor Medal (1985)
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The  Ceremony of the University’s 25th Anniversary and receiving the Second Class Labor Medal (1985)
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